Monday, 12 June 2017

Demonstration programme at #SPotEast 2017


Hi,
I’m Teresa Meadows and I am a Knowledge Exchange Manager for AHDB in East Anglia. This year, I am delighted to have the opportunity to work with Elveden Farms on the SPot Farm East initiative. I typically work within the Cereals and Oilseeds sector and so I am looking forward to being involved in SPot East and seeing what we can learn from a different part of the arable sector.
Spot Farm activity at Elveden this season
This season we have expanded some of the work we were doing last season and brought in some new focus areas for the trials and demonstrations.
Farm Manager, Andrew Francis, is interested in and has supported the areas being demonstrated this year as they are all relevant to the long-term sustainability of the Elveden business.  And if they’re important to him then you will probably find they’re relevant to you and me as well.
The direct relevance of the SPot East trials for growers and farm businesses, combined with a ‘can do’ innovative attitude is what the initiative is known for and I’m really looking forward to sharing the outputs of this research with you and enjoying the challenging discussions.
This year, the demonstrations will include:
Potato common scab control
This trial will build on the work last year and explore the latest knowledge of irrigation requirments to control common scab with minimal resourse in a challenging environment.
Nitrogen use efficiency under differing irrigation regimes


This was an area of great debate last year. There were many different perspectives on the approproiate nitrogen rate and how effectively it was used.    This year, the trial is looking at applications of N (220kg N/ha) applied in three ways (standard split N, all in the seedbed and placed N) along with different irrigation regimes (standard and over-watered) to see which is the most effective for N uptake in the plant and the minimum losses through the soil profile.   N sensors are in place across the trial to track N movements through the soil and the results will be shared as to the best combination from this research. 

Herbicide demonstration
This is a large scale demonstration of different residual herbicide programmes as applicable to ca. 20 different potato varieties. The demonstration has been redesigned from last year to explore the effects on the potato crop as well as the level of weed control.   With the imminent loss of the widely used residual herbicide, linuron, this trial will be important for future planning future herbicide programmes.  There’s bound to be something for everyone here.

Manipulation of potato tuber numbers
Producing the correct crop specification, including tuber size is essential for grower profitability.  This demonstration, new this year, is looking at ways of manipulating the number of tubers per plant in three different varieties.

Reducing soil run-off and associatated pollution.
We’ve teamed up with a range of partners to look at ways to minimise soil run-off from potato production.   An important aspect of farming within the Cam and Ely Ouse river catchment on the Elveden Estate, this trial will look at ways to minimise diffuse pollution and prevent in-field soil movement.  The tramline disturbance treatments have been applied and it looks to be a really interesting demonstration and trial. Collection and assessment of the soil run-off for each treatment will start soon and we look forward to sharing the results with you.

SPot Farm East Events
Please come along to our events over this season – click on the links below to book your place:

22 June, SPot (East) Elveden Farms, Suffolk - Field Walk
6 July, SPot (East) Elveden Farms, Suffolk - Open Day
3 August, SPot (East) Elveden Farms, Suffolk - Field walk
7th September, SPot (East) Elveden Farms, Suffolk - Field Walk

And if you have a group that might be interested in arranging their own visit to the trials at Elveden Farms, then please do get in contact with me on 07387 015465 or at: teresa.meadows@ahdb.org.uk.
 Looking forward to seeing as many of you as possible over the coming season,

Teresa Meadows

Friday, 2 June 2017

Varieties, cattle and experimental design, it’s a busy demo field at SPot West


Knowledge Exchange Manager, Anne Stone has the latest from Heal Farms

A month after planting, emergence of most varieties is now nearly complete, though Royal has been rather slow to come through. There’s a slight metallic click across the field as irrigation pipes are fitted together, but more prominent is the sound of the resident cuckoos here at Heal Farms.

PCN and key processing varieties

The main demonstration at SPot West 2017 explores the tolerance of and resistance to Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN). 

Farm Manager, Matthew Wallace chose Maris Piper and Maris Peer varieties as part of this demonstration as they both have a commercial interest at Heal Farms. 

variety
Resistance to
G.pallida
Resistance to G.rostochiensis
Maris Piper

2
9
Maris Peer
2
2
Arsenal

high
6
Alcander
9/8
8/9
Performer
9
5
Royal
3
9
Innovator
8/9
Not resistant
Eurostar
9
9
Data from breeder

Improving the PCN calculator
On the AHDB website a calculator can be found, to predict numbers of nematodes and guide planting and treatment decisions. This calculator could be more useful if the model in the background contained better information on:

·         variety tolerance and resistance,
·         effect of Brassicas in the rotation,
·         effect of action taken before the crop; nematicides, trap crops, biofumigation

Harper Adams University has a separate experiment at SPot West, which forms part of a SARIC (sustainable agriculture research and innovation club) project to improve help the PCN calculator.

Bill Watts, a Research Associate at Harper Adams University manages the field experiment.

Bill’s knowledge of biofumigation will be familiar to those who visited SPot West at James Daw’s ilast yearor you may recognise him as the star of AHDB’s biofumigation video. You can view the video by clicking here

This year Bill is helping to systematically assess PCN tolerance of the most widely grown varieties of potatoes.


Which statistics are best for PCN?
Trial design is not a topic   that would usually make our hearts beat faster in excited anticipation, however the SARIC trial will be set out in a neat way to tackle a problem PCN trials often face.

Nematode numbers vary across a field, sometimes with ‘hot spots’ which sees dramatic changes over a short distance.

The AHDB trial in the same field has four replicates of each treatment, randomly allocated within blocks, each next to each other in a row across the field: 1,2,3,4.

The SARIC trial will use ‘stratified blocks’. Each block will be of plots which are not necessarily next to each other, but which share similarity in numbers of PCN eggs. So the varieties will be tested fairly against each other.

Shocking egg numbers
When Bill counted egg numbers on his plots the results were a nasty shock, both to him and to Heal Farms. They ranged from 28 – 304 eggs per gram. The four blocks are linked to 

PCN density:

0 - 75eggs/g
75 -150 eggs/g
150 - 225 eggs/g
225 eggs/g

It will be a test of tolerance under really tough conditions.

PCN experiment has to fit in with calving
On April 22nd Bill Watts was busy. He had spent the night at home with a cow struggling to calve, came to mark out the trial, then rushed back home to help with calving again.
As you can see, all ended happily





On May 15th when quietly working in the field, sowing trap crop seeds, I looked up in surprise to see a group of  eight young cattle, which had broken into the field. I tried to encourage them away from my working area, which of course was more interesting to them than anywhere else. They followed me steadily for a while, then abruptly turned and rushed right through the trial!

Fortunately It didn’t do much harm.

On a more serious note, the Invasive Species Compendium by CABI reports that PCN cysts can pass unharmed through the guts of animals. Anecdotal evidence from this country suggests that places where cattle have dunged heavily after feeding on PCN infected potatoes become new hot spots of infection

Come and see for yourselves.
 Our first field walk is planned for next week, Tuesday 6 June: Where you will be see the latest from our PCN trials and hear first-hand knowledge from Dr Matt Back, who will be on hand to answer all of your question.


If you’re interested in the this event, you can register by clicking here

Monday, 15 May 2017

Looking forward to another successful season at SPot Scotland with Knowledge Exchange Manager, Claire Hodge:

Planting is now complete on our commercial scale demo plots. We recently reported on successful cultivations demonstrations held at Bruce Farms last season, which showed that reduced cultivation depths resulted in lower costs and a higher yield. The excellent current conditions are perfect for reduced cultivations, we have used them at Bruce Farms and I would hope that this becomes standard practice.

Early signs are that our current work on cover crop use is also producing positive results. The aim when planting cover crops, in this instance, was to improve soil structure, reduce lying water over winter, and therefore make the soil easier to cultivate. While the ground did not get a serious challenge this winter, we could notice a difference between the land that had benefitted form cover crops and the land that had not. It will be interesting to monitor this as the season continues.
Overall things are going well and we are ahead of where we were this time last year. I expect there may be one or two growers who are challenged by dry conditions and looking forward to the forecasted showers over the next few weeks.

It is particularly beneficial to talk to other farmers at our events or when we are out and about. This season we are acting on advice given from local growers and are introducing a triple tiller.  The hope is that it will further reduce costs and increase yields. We will watch with interest and report on what we find.

I am looking forward to catching up with growers the Open Day at Bruce Farms on the 18th July. I am happy to contribute to discussions on the triple tiller, cultivations depths or our other on-going trial areas such as nutrition and seed rates.

We have morning and afternoon sessions available for our Open Day on 18 July, you can register for either session by clicking here 

It would be great to see you all there!

Friday, 5 May 2017

2017 season kicks off at SPot East, Elveden

Read the first blog from SPot East by guest blogger and AHDB Potatoes Knowledge Exchange Manager, Phil Burgess.

Planting has been completed on all trial and demonstration areas, other than one small area, which has been delayed in order to test our herbicide programmes to the limit and provide the best demonstration when it comes to our open day visits.

Dr Mark Stalham and his team have been busy implementing some complex studies on the timing and fate of Nitrogen. The biggest challenge has been trying to find the balance that keeps the trials scientifically robust and keeping the irrigation regimes workable in a commercial setting, but they’re all in place now, so far so good!

We all know it’s been very dry so far this spring. Which should provide a really robust test of the irrigation regimes on the full range of varieties. At least I’m pleased!

Increasing tuber numbers is a subject of much discussion at Elveden, and as the onsite agronomist the onus lays with Graham Tomalin. Graham and his team have been working hard, planning small plot trials aimed at manipulating tuber numbers. But like on most farms, they’re always asked to produce more! So this demonstration aims to show what can be achieved in both salad and processing crops.

Farm manager, Andrew Francis is as you would expect, always in the thick the action. This year he has brought a number of machines on to the farm, which are designed to reduce run-off. An area that we hope to include in the Spot farm activity this season.

So it’s all action at SPot East. See here or here 

We look forward to seeing you at Elveden during the summer. All the events for SPot farm East are listed below, to register simply click on the link.

SPot farm East - Field Walk - 22 June 2017 

SPot farm East - Open Day - Thursday 6 July, 2017 
Morning session
Afternoon session

SPot farm East – Field Walk – 3 August 2017


Thursday, 27 April 2017

Planting at new SPot West, Heal Farms 2017


Read the first blog of the 2017 season by Knowledge Exchange Manager and SPot West lead, Anne Stone:

Heal Farms in Shropshire grow 500ha per year of a range of processing varieties. 
Lodge 1 Field, on the A53 near Shrewsbury is infested with PCN and the Farms Director, Matthew Wallace, chose the crisping variety Arsenal because it is resistant to Globodera pallida, as well as to G.rostochiensis.  

Arsenal has limited tolerance to PCN, so Nemathorin has been applied with the aim of maintaining yields while varietal resistance prevents reproduction of the pest and reduces eggs left in the soil at the end of the season.

Lots of PCN – Jolly good!

A few billion potato cyst nematodes are not normally seen as a desirable soil constituent. To test and demonstrate methods of control such a feature is ideal, especially if they are uniformly distributed, so this field has become a magnet for trials. It gives a chance to compare varieties, for both their resistance and tolerance. The site will also be used to demonstrate other methods of PCN control.

The 60 acre field was prepared and planted in three days with the following stages:
  • ·   ·     Ploughing,
  • ·         Shakerator cultivation
  • ·         Bedtilling/bedforming
  • ·         De-stoning,
  • ·         Planting (with application of fertiliser and Amistar)
            Bedtiller/bedformer at Lodge 1, with Nemathorin applicator


     Planter in Lodge 1. CERC staff helped themselves to 
   some seed to plant bed ends tidily around the trial plots.
   Two of the de-stoners working in Lodge 1 on April 22nd.

Orchestration
A fair spread of machinery was displayed on Saturday 22nd April., Two Shakerators, one bedtiller/bedformers, five de-stoners and two planters all majestically maneuvered in a performance orchestrated by Mr Wallace.

From a distance the staff of CERC (trials arm of Harper Adams University) looked like crazed ants, scattering in all directions. Close up they could be seen running with white flexicanes and long tape measures, making 3:4:5 triangles to work out where the beds would fall, ahead of the advancing machinery. Marking out of potato experiments is usually done after the beds are in place, giving nice parallel lines. 

There was no such luxury in this case, because Nemathorin was being applied with the bedformer. The difference in a variety yield between treated and untreated with nematicide provides a measure of varietal tolerance, so Nemathorin had to be kept off the trial sites, enabling it to be applied precisely on a plot basis within the trials.

The CERC team needed to match the trials to areas in the field known to have suitable PCN counts. They measured where the beds would run, and where tram lines would be in place, meanwhile comparing with maps of PCN test results, in order to mark out before the bed former arrived. 

Pythagoras proved reliable and soon plots were marked and planting underway.

   Gary Weston, CERC mechanic, leaves his 
   machinery to help hand plant PCN control demonstrations

Life and death struggle
Read this blog to follow the fortunes of the crops in Lodge 1. Each variety has its own fight between the ravenous hunger of myriad nematodes and the defence strategies of a well bred potato.












Tuesday, 20 December 2016

The results are in! Debate the findings at a SPot Farm event this January

The results are in! Join one of two interactive events (or both!) to kick start your 2017.



The first growing season for SPot Farm East is now complete and SPot Farm West has had a second season to build upon the findings of last year while tackling new challenges.

We will explore the data and findings which could benefit your business in 2017.


Delve into the data and discuss the implications for your farm!

This practical, farmer-led approach to putting research into practice is generating a great deal of useful information and giving growers the confidence to consider change. Many topics have been covered, with different programmes at each SPot Farm site:

Nitrogen application, common scab control, irrigation efficiency, bio-fumigation, PCN tolerance, seed physiology and seed rates, chitting, use of cover crops, optimising cultivations, the growing importance of sulphur, herbicide efficacy and precision agriculture through yield mapping. 


WHY ATTEND?

Keep up-to-speed with innovation & new developments
See the findings of independent & rigorous trials put into practice
Discuss how the latest techniques can be implemented on your own farm
You’ve read this blog & want to see more 
Challenge the science & the experts involved in our recent research
Network & debate with likeminded growers

Get payback on R&D levy spend for your business

There will also be opportunity at this event to put forward suggestions for development of the SPot Farm programme. 

The details:

SPot Farm West:  
Thursday, 5 January, 2017  (9:00-15:30)
Kegworth Hotel & Conference Centre, Packington Hill, Kegworth, DE74 2DF
>> Agenda

SPot Farm East:
Wednesday, 11 January, 2017 (9:00-15:30)
Rowley Mile Racecourse, Newmarket, Suffolk, CB8 0TF
>> Agenda

Lunch and refreshments provided. 
BASIS and NRoSO points available. 

Monday, 3 October 2016

Farm walk at SPot Farm West, 22 September 2016

The date of the final farm walk at Thorpe Constantine gave a demanding deadline for Matt Smallwood of McCain and Mark Stalham and his colleagues of NIAB CUF to take yield digs. 

Neither man is shy with a fork, and there was some intense digging behind the results provided for the visitors.


Who got it right on cultivation?
A courteous veneer covered, but did not conceal, the competition between Mark Stalham of NIAB CUF and James Daw, the SPot host. As the visitors gathered round these two experts in the Russet Burbank of Field 33, each of them spoke about a ‘best practice’ treatment, but they weren’t referring to the same treatment!